Name: Dr. Victoria A. Ingalls
Title: Professor of Biology
Office Location: Science and Allied Health 311
Extension: (845) 575-3000 ext. 2541
Personal Web Page:
Degrees Held:

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts

Awards & Honors:

2013        promoted to Full Professor of Biology

2009        Gregory J. Kilgariff Distinguished Service Award: Marist College

2007        Edwards Prize for the best published paper in the 118th volume of The Wilson Journal of Ornithology (see Staicer, Ingalls & Sherry 2006)

1996        Elected Chair of the Faculty Affairs Committee/Chair of the Faculty (Marist College) (served 1996-1998)

1995        Board of Trustees Distinguished Teaching Award: Marist College

1992        Carnes Award and American Ornithologists’ Union Research Grant (presented by the American Ornithologists’ Union): The Role of Song in the Breeding-Season Ecology of a Migratory Forest Songbird (The American Redstart)

1983        Frank M. Chapman Memorial Fund Award (presented by the American Museum of Natural History): Avian Predator Strategies to Insect Startle Defenses: The Habituation of Blue Jays to Successive Presentations of Startle Stimuli

1980        Nancy Skinner Clark Fellowship (for graduate study), Vassar College

1978        General Honors, Departmental Honors, Phi Beta Kappa, Vassar College




Saunders, J. P. and Ingalls, V.  2013.  Evolutionary Science and Literary Design: Teaching Huxley’s Brave New World in Interdisciplinary Collaboration.  Style 47(2): 239-260.

Ingalls, V. 2012.  Sex differences in the Creation of Fictional Heroes with Particular Emphasis on Female Heroes and Superheroes in Popular Culture: Insights from Evolutionary Psychology.  The Review of General Psychology 16(2): 208-221

Ingalls, V. 2010.  The Hero’s Relationship to Family: A Preliminary Sociobiological Analysis of Sex Differences in Hero Characteristics Using Children’s Fantasy Literature.  Journal of Social, Evolutionary and Cultural Psychology 4(4):332-352. 

Staicer, C.A.., Ingalls, V. and Sherry, T.W.  2006.  Singing Behavior Varies with Breeding Status of   American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118:439-451.

Ingalls, V. 1993.  Startle and Habituation Responses of Blue Jays (Cyanocitta cristata) in a Laboratory Simulation of Anti-predator Defenses of Catocala Moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).  Behaviour 126: 77-96.

Kroodsma, D.E., Ingalls, V.A., Sherry, T.W., and Werner, T.K.  1987.  Songs of the Cocos Island Flycatcher:  Vocal Behavior of a Suboscine on an Isolated Oceanic Island.  Condor 89: 75-84.

Research Interests:

Behavioral and evolutionary ecology

How evolution shapes sex differences

How evolutionary forces shape fictional heroes


Invited lecture:

Ingalls, V. 2011.  Sex Differences in Hero Creation: A Sociobiological Analysis of Children’s Fantasy Literature. New Paltz Evolutionary Studies (EvoS) Seminar Series, SUNY New Paltz, NY.   


Contributed Papers:

Ingalls, V. 2010.  Sex Differences in Hero Creation: A Sociobiological Analysis of Children’s Fantasy Literature.  Annual meeting of the Northeastern Evolutionary Psychology Association.  State University of New York at New Paltz, NY.

Ingalls, V. 2009.  From Harry Potter to The Golden Compass: a Sociobiological Analysis of Sex Differences in Female Characters and Family Relationships using Children’s Fantasy Literature. The 20th Annual Mid-Atlantic Popular/American Culture Association.  Boston, MA.

Ingalls, V. 2009.  Sex Differences in Hero Creation: A Sociobiological Analysis of Children’s Fantasy Literature. National Meeting of the Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association.  New Orleans, LA.

Ingalls, V. 2007.  Who Creates Superheroes? A Sociobiological Interpretation.  The 18th Annual Mid-Atlantic Popular/American Culture Association.  Philadelphia, PA.

Staicer, C. A., Jones, M. Bollhorn, T., Tait, E. Gordon, A., and Ingalls, V.  2007.  Determining male status through singing behaviour and its conservation implications.  Thirtieth International Ethological Congress. Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS Canada.

Staicer, C.A., Ingalls, V. and Sherry, T.W.  1994.  Does Singing Behavior Reflect Breeding Status?  The Annual Meeting of the American Ornithologists’ Union.  University of Montana, Missoula, Montana.

Staicer, C.A., Ingalls, V. and Sherry, T.W.  1994.  The Relationship Between the Singing Behavior and Breeding Status of Male American Redstarts.  Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study Annual Cooperators’ Meeting.  Northeastern Forest Experimental Station, Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, Woodstock, New Hampshire.

Ingalls, V. and Saunders, J.  1993.  Biosocial Studies for Undergraduates: An Experiment in Interdisciplinary Pedagogy.  The Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society.  Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York

Cool, L., Ingalls, V. and Saunders, J.  1990.  “‘Fresh Fields ad Pastures New’”: Approaching Literature Via Biology and Anthropology.  New York College English Association, Rochester, New York

Ingalls, V. 1989.  Predator-prey Interactions between Blue Jays and Catocala moths: The Roles of Startle and Habituation.  The Annual Meeting of the American Society of Zoologists.  Boston, Massachusetts.

Ingalls, V. 1988.  Startle Responses of Blue Jays to the Colors and Patterns Found on Catocala Moth Hindwings.  Joint Meeting of The Animal Behavior Society (northeast regional conference) and La Societe Quebecoise Pour L’etude Biologique du Comportement.  MacDonald College of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.