Appeals

All requests for appeal considerations must be submitted in writing to the Title IX Coordinator or designee within (5) five business days of the delivery of the written finding of the ERP.

A three-member panel of the ERP designated by the Title IX Coordinator or designee who was not involved in the grievance previously will consider all appeal requests.  Any party may appeal, but appeals are limited to the following:

  • A procedural error or omission occurred that significantly impacted the outcome of the hearing (e.g. substantiated bias, material deviation from established procedures, etc.).
  • To consider new evidence, unknown or unavailable during the original hearing or investigation, that could substantially impact the original finding or sanction. A summary of this new evidence and its potential impact must be included.
  • The sanctions imposed are substantially disproportionate to the severity of the violation. 

The appeals panel of the ERP will review the appeal request(s). The original finding and sanction/responsive actions will stand if the appeal is not timely or is not based on the grounds listed above, and such a decision is final.  When any party requests an appeal, the other party (parties) will be notified and joined in the appeal.  The party requesting appeal must show that the grounds for an appeal request have been met, and the other party or parties may show the grounds have not been met, or that additional grounds are met.  The original finding and sanction are presumed to have been decided reasonably and appropriately.

Where the ERP appeals panel finds that at least one of the grounds is met, and proceeds, additional principles governing the hearing of appeals include the following:

  • Appeals decisions by the ERP panel are to be deferential to the original decision, making changes to the finding only where there is clear error and to the sanction/responsive action only if there is a compelling justification to do so.
  • Appeals are not intended to be full rehearings of the grievance. In most cases, appeals are confined to a review of the written documentation or record of the original hearing, and pertinent documentation regarding the grounds for appeal. Appeals granted based on new evidence should normally be remanded to the original hearing panel unless otherwise directed by the Title IX Coordinator or designee.
  • Sanctions imposed are implemented immediately unless the Title IX Coordinator or designee determines their implementation in extraordinary circumstances, pending the outcome of the appeal.
  • The Title IX Coordinator or designee will normally, after conferring with the ERP appeals panel, render a written decision on the appeal to all parties within 10 business days from hearing of the appeal.
  • All parties should be informed of whether the grounds for an appeal are accepted and the results of the appeal decision.
  • Once an appeal is decided, the outcome is final: further appeals are not permitted.
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